A Plan Of The Great Fire In Bishopsgate Street Leadenhall Street & Cornhill &c.
On Thursday Novr 7th 1765
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A Plan Of The Great Fire In Bishopsgate Street, Leadenhall Street & Cornhill &c.
On Thursday Novr 7th 1765
Engraved For The Gentleman's Magazine; For November 1765.
Gentleman's Magazine And Historical Chronicle. By Sylvanus Urban, Gent.
London: Printed for D. Henry and R. Cave, at St John's Gate.
11cm x16.5cm (4¼" x 6½")
1" : 27 Yards (Approx.)
South Sea House, Threadneedle Street - Bull Inn, Leadenhall Street -
St. Peter's Church, Gracechurch Street - Sun Court, Cornhill
Single page from The Gentleman's Magazine. Printed one side only. Good condition. No offsetting or foxing.
This plan shows the extent of the fire in Threadneedle Street, Bishopsgate Street, Cornhill, Leadenhall Street, & Gracechurch Street on Thursday November 7th, 1765.This morning a most sudden and dreadful fire broke out at a peruke-maker's facing the White Lion tavern in Bishopsgate-street, which for want of water, quickly communicated to both sides of the way; and the wind blowing fresh southerly, soon reached the church of St Martin Outwich, the corner of Thread-needle street, which is reduced to ashes. Merchant-taylors-hall was with great difficulty saved; but several adjoining warehouses with much valuable goods are consumed. About seven the wind shifted to the west, otherwise all great St Helens must have been destroyed, and drove the flames back, by which five houses on the Exchange side of Cornhill, and upwards of twenty in Leaden-hall-street, were consumed. At nine, parties of guards arrived from the Tower, and the Lord Mayor soon after, who gave orders for lodging what goods could be saved in the Royal Exchange. Many lives are said to be lost, and the carnage on this melancholy occasion, to exceed one hundred thousand pounds. 40,000 l. is said to be already claimed from one insurance office. (See the Plan of the Fire, for a more distinct idea of it.)
The Gentleman's Magazine, Historical Chronicle, Thursday 7 November 1765 (Pg. 535), records:
The plan records the following names and places of interest:
South Sea House, Threadneedle Street;
St. Martins Outwich (Damaged & S Steeple Burnt); Lydell and Metcalf, Attorneys; Archer, Goldsmith; Spence, Hair Mert; Revd Mr. Fayting; Moltershead Beer Warehouse; Cooper, Packer; Hold and Edwards, Milliners; Finch, Merchant; Guy, Gunsmith; Merchant Taylors Garden; Merchant Taylors Hall; Reeves's Academy; Huddleston, Milliners; le Gross and le Grass, Merchants; Pareiro, Merchant; Hoskins; Dr. Sylvester;
Nail & Son, Taylors; Burden and Vaston, Tobacconists; White Lyon Court; White Lyon Tavern; Pinder, Linen Draper; Whiteside and Co., Attorneys; Spalding and Brander; Lamb, Stationer; Pinefinch, Optician; Vaux, Haberdasher; Shapley, Cabinet Maker; Crips; Sun Court;
Bishopsgate Street; Kingsley, Attorney; Crips, Peruke Maker; Draper and Coxeter, Milliners; Vestit, Merchant; Higginbotham, Chinaman; Long, Broker; Deputy Long, Packer; Carn, Silkman; Clements, Tallow Chandler; Merry, Stationer; Jarvis, Black Lion; How, Barber; Butler, P. Clerk; Marjoram, Tinman; Rutland, Barber; Nags Head Tavern; Hardy, Hardwareman; Hanson, Glover; Willot, Linnen Draper; Farnborough,
Plow Eating House; Merryman, Trunk Maker; Treadway, Glover; Mace, Slopseller; Bull Inn (Much Destroyed); Grant, Brush Maker; Leadenhall Street;
Cornhill; Cogan & Palmer; Toper; Angel, Cook; St. Peters Church;
Gracechurch Street; Warham & Cartwright, Cook; Court, Milliner; and Leaden Hall.
The London Magazine also published a "plan of the late dreadful fire" under the title Dreadful Fire in Cornhill, November 1765 (Pg. 553). The following brief article accompanied the plan:
We thought our readers, particularly in the country, would not be displeased with a plan of the late dreadful fire, in Bishopsgate street, &c. &c. and therefore have caused the annexed plate to be engraved. For an account of the said fire, see the Chronologer. The following houses were destroyed.
[ In Bishopsgate-street ]
Mr. Rutland peruke maker where it began. Marjoram, tinman. Merry, stationer. Clements, tallowchandler. Deputy Long. John Long, broker. Cam, silkman. Part of Nisbets. Higenbotham, china-shop. Mess. Coxeter and co. milliners. Mr. Kingsley attorney damaged.
On the opposite side. ]
Mr. Fenn, Hosier. Miss Thomson, haberdasher. The White Lyon Tavern. Mr. John Burden, tobacconist and several houses in a court behind. Mess. Legross, and Lecrass, merchants. Miss Hudleston, milliner. Mr. Reeves, school-master. Mr. Guy, gun-maker, Mrs. Holt, haberdasher. Mess. Cooper, and Ward, packers. Mrs. Motershead's beer warehouse. The Rev. Mr. Faytin, and the inside and steeple of St. Martin's Outwich church.
In Black Lyon court. ]
Mr. Jarvis, victualler. Mr. How, peruke maker. Mr. Butter, Clerk of St. Peter's church Cornhill.
In Thread-needle street. ]
Mr. Liddal and Mr. Metcalfe, attornies. Mr. Spense and son, and some others damaged, also part of Merchant Taylors hall.
In Cornhill. ]
Mr. Clever, woollen draper. Mr. Shapley, upholder. Mess. Button, and co. upholders. Mr. Lamb, stationer. Mr. Vaux, haberdasher. Mr. Pyefinch, optical instrument maker.
In White Lyon court. ]
Dr. Silvester. Mr. Neal, taylor, and three other houses.
In Leadenhall street. ]
Mr. Wareham, pastry cook. Mrs. Coats, milliner, and part of Leadenhall damaged.
On the other side of the way. ]
Mr. Hardy, hardwareman, Mr. Hanson, glover. Mr. Meriman, box-maker. Mr. Farnham, cook. Mess. Treadway, and co. glovers. Mr. Thornton, at the Nags-head tavern. Mr. Ware, wollen-draper, and part of the Bull-inn, &c.
N.B. The parts burnt are expressed by dots, as St. Martin Outwich.
The London Magazine's Monthly Chronologer for Thursday, 7 Nov 1765 (Pg. 595), included a much copied account of the fire:
A little after three o'clock in the morning, a most terrible fire broke out at a Peruke-maker's, near the end of Bishopsgate-street, next Cornhill, when the wind being high and westerly, the flames soon spread to the corner house, and from thence to the opposite side, and set fire to a milliner's; and it being some time before assistance could be got, the fire soon communicated itself to all the four corner houses, which were burning at one time: the pastry-cook's house the end of Cornhill, was greatly damaged; the opposite pastry-cook's, the corner of Grace-church-street was destroyed; all the houses from the corner of Cornhill to the church of St. Martin Outwich, the corner of Threadneedle-street, excepting the parsonage-house, were consumed; and the said church likewise taking fire, a part of the steeple was soon burnt down, whereby the great bell in it fell with a prodigious noise; the inside of the church was next consumed, and the flames spread to the back of Threadneedle-street, where several houses were entirely burnt to the ground.
From the corner of Leadenhall-Street, on both sides, all along the said street to the market-gate, the buildings are destroyed, so that on the whole it is computed, that about a hundred houses are consumed, and that more damage has been sustained by this fire, than in the late dreadful fire in Cornhill, on March 25, 1748 which likewise began at a peruke-maker's. (See a plan of it, &c. vol, 1748. p. 132.)
The flames were so rapid, that the unhappy sufferers had scarce time to save any of their effects. The right hon. the lord mayor attended in person, and was very active in affording assistance; several parties of the guards were sent for from the Tower.
[See the names of the principal sufferers and a Plan of this dreadful fire, p. 553.] The king has given 1000 l. the ironmongers company 100 l. the lord mayor 50 l. and much more, by collection and various benefactions, has been contributed to the relief of the sufferers.
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